WHAT IS FOOD SECURITY?
Food security exists when all people, at all times, have access to, and can afford enough nutritious and culturally appropriate food of their preference.
Food Security Issues in
Newfoundland & Labrador
A number of unique challenges and physical and economic barriers affect food security in our province.
The island of Newfoundland is cut-off from Canada by an ocean, and Labrador is a vast land of isolated towns. Transporting adequate food to our communities is a challenge in itself. The fact our food must travel so long to get to us, typically by ferry or plane, increases the cost of our food, affects food availability in our stores, and its freshness upon arrival here.
Our geographic realities are made worse by financial matters in our province: 1 in 20 of us is unable to afford food at grocery stores, and relies on food banks. Even if more of us could afford healthy foods, 84% of our communities do not have a proper grocery store to shop from, and are limited to offerings from corner stores and fast food outlets.
A 2-3 Day Supply of Produce
We would only have a 2-3 day supply of produce in our province if ferry shipments were disrupted by adverse weather, ferry maintenance, labour strikes, icy conditions, or similar troubles.
1 in 20 of Us Use Food Banks
1 in 20 Newfoundlanders & Labradorians is unable to afford food at grocery stores, and relies on food banks. That is the highest rate of food bank use in Canada.
90% of our Fresh Vegetables are Imported
Only 10% of the fresh vegetables we eat are grown here, leaving us reliant upon imported produce from outside sources.
80% of Our Seafood is Exported
The fishery is our province’s largest food industry, but we export over 80% of the seafood products we catch here. Often, our fish is shipped to a company abroad, packaged up as a product, and sold back to us.
84% of Our Communities Do Not Have a Grocery Store
As a result they rely on corner stores and takeouts for food, experience frequent delays in shipments of food, endure periods where fresh, healthy food is often unavailable or arrives in an undesirable state, andpay high costs for low quality food.
We Have 89% Fewer Farms than 1951
Between 1951 and 2015, the number of farms in NL plummeted from 3,500 to 400. That’s a decrease of 89%.
As well, the average age of a farmer is climbing past 55, meaning fewer people are becoming farmers. As a result, there is less land available for farming, and more obstacles for new farmers in accessing the land and skilled staff they need to run a viable farm.
75% of us Do Not Eat Enough Produce
Only 25% of us eat 5 servings of fruit & veggies a day. This is well below the national average.
Highest Rates of Obesity & Diabetes in Canada
Good food and good health go hand in hand. You are what you eat, we’re eating poorly enough to have the country’s highest rates of obesity and diabetes, as well as the highest rates of healthcare costs per capita.
New Barriers to Old Foodways
Traditionally, many of our populations subsisted on hunting, foraging, and a nutrient-rich diet of wild food. But climate change is changing the timing and predictability of when bodies of water freeze or melt, and the migratory patterns of certain fish, birds, and herds. The rising cost of hunting gear, like gas and ammunition, is also making hunting, and traditional food practices, less viable.
14 Fast Food Outlets Per 3 Grocery Stores
In Newfoundland & Labrador, the healthy choice isn’t the easy choice: For every 10,000 people here, there are 14 fast food spots, and 8 corner stores, to every 3 grocery stores.
Finding a Way Forward
Our province has unique and complex food security issues we must address to better our collective diet, health, and quality of life.
Our grandparents looked to the backyard for food, but our children look to stores. We're losing our relationship with food, and with it, the food literacy, skills, knowledge, and resources we need to combat the food security issues we are facing here.
Fortunately, we know we can reclaim a healthier food system here, because our ancestors are proof of it. Our province has a rich history self-reliance and food traditions that once enabled us to live off the land and sea, including gardening, fishing, hunting, preserving, berry-picking, and foraging skills. These traditional foodways provide a strong foundation upon which we can build a more appropriate and resilient food system in our province.
Food First NL’s many projects, particularly Everybody Eats, address our province’s food security issues to ensure that all people, at all times, can access adequate amounts of nutritious, affordable and culturally appropriate food of their preference.
A Healthy Food System Will Ensure Healthier Food For All
the availability of food pretty quickly, which affects our access to food.
When all the parts of the food system are working well together, we have food security. To perform well and be sustainable, a food system must protect the land, water, and air that sustains it, and be supported by local consumers.
This way, our food producers can continue to make enough money and produce enough food to support themselves and our food system, ensuring the production, distribution, access to, and consumption of healthy food for all.
Supporting local food producers supports local food production by strengthening the first link in the chain towards local food security.
Food security requires a healthy and sustainable food system.
The food system is made up of five parts:
- Production (Fishing or Farming, etc)
- Distribution (Wholesale and Transportation)
- Access (Harvesting or Buying Food, etc)
- Consumption (Preparing Food, etc)
- Disposal (Composting, Recycling, Disposal)
Each part of the food system is connected, and when there are problems in one part of the food system, it will affect other parts of the system.
For example, if there is a storm or strike, and ferries cannot deliver goods to our province, we see increases in the cost of food, and decreases in